(Weather Guru)
Sun Nov 17 2013 01:46 PM
Area of Interest - Subtropical Storm Melissa in Central Atlantic

It looks like a late season surprise may be fish spinning. Invest 98L is now at 40% / 70% percent to chance to become Melissa. Although I can't find any models, but based on visual movement, it should be a fish spinner.

(Title updated to reflect current storm status.)

Ed DunhamAdministrator
(Former Meteorologist & CFHC Forum Moderator (Ed Passed Away on May 14, 2017))
Sun Nov 17 2013 06:17 PM
Re: Area of Interest - Subtropical Storm Melissa in Central Atlantic

At 17/18Z, Invest 98L was located in the central Atlantic near 25.5N 53.1W with sustained winds of 35knots, a central pressure of 1002MB and movement to the north northwest at 5 knots. With its upper-level origins, windshear is not as much of a factor. SST at the current location of the system is 28C, however, with expected movement to the north and eventually north northeast, the system will encounter cooler SSTs although hybrid systems are not as significantly impacted by lower SSTs until about 25C. Additional development seems likely and so does eventual direct upgrade to 'Melissa' - probably as a subtropical storm. Many of the model outputs suggest robust intensification by midweek.

(Title updated to reflect current storm status.)

Ed DunhamAdministrator
(Former Meteorologist & CFHC Forum Moderator (Ed Passed Away on May 14, 2017))
Thu Nov 21 2013 07:49 PM
Re: Area of Interest - Tropical Storm Melissa in North Atlantic

Melissa made the transition to a 'tropical cyclone' late yesterday morning and has maintained that status today (Thursday) - extratropical transition is still expected tomorrow, however gale force winds are anticipated in the western Azores this evening and tonight. At 21/21Z, Melissa was located about 340 miles northwest of the Azorez and the tropical storm was moving to the east northeast to east at 25 knots. Tropical Storm force winds extend outward up to 225 miles from the center in the southern quadrants. Maximum winds are at 55 knots with higher gusts, however as the system moves over cooler SSTs, a slow weakening is anticipated. At 22/00Z Melissa was located almost due north of the westernmost island in the Azores and the core appears to finally be weakening. As well it should since the SSTs are at 18C.

The 21/21Z Tropical Discussion Bulletin had an interesting (and incorrect) comment:


The statement suggests that there is a post-tropical phase between a tropical cyclone and an extratropical cyclone - but meteorologically that is not the case, i.e., a storm system is either subtropical, tropical or extratropical. By NHC's own Glossary, Post-Tropical is a generic term to indicate a transitional state for a former tropical cyclone that has become extratropical or for a 'remnant low' with winds less that 35 knots. Since Melissa is forecast to maintain winds of at least 45 knots, it cannot meet the 'remnant low' definition - so that just leaves 'extratropical'. You can check out the various definitions in the NHC Glossary .

Note: This is NOT an official page. It is run by weather hobbyists and should not be used as a replacement for official sources. 
CFHC's main servers are currently located at in Orlando, FL.
Image Server Network thanks to Mike Potts and Amazon Web Services. If you have static file hosting space that allows dns aliasing contact us to help out! Some Maps Provided by:
Great thanks to all who donated and everyone who uses the site as well. Site designed for 800x600+ resolution
When in doubt, take the word of the National Hurricane Center