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The 2023 Atlantic Hurricane Season Starts June 1st, 2023.
Days since last H. Landfall - US: Any 86 (Nicole) , Major: 129 (Ian) Florida - Any: 86 (Nicole) Major: 129 (Ian)
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#1110987 (Received by flhurricane at: 4:39 PM 07.Oct.2022)
TCDAT3

Tropical Storm Julia Discussion Number 6
NWS National Hurricane Center Miami FL AL132022
500 PM EDT Fri Oct 07 2022

Julia`s low-level center has been exposed for much of the day,
after the burst of deep convection from this morning was stripped
away by northerly shear. Convective cells have been regenerating
in the proximity of the center, but much of the activity still
lacks organization due to the shear. This morning`s Air Force
Reserve reconnaissance mission measured a peak 925-mb flight-level
wind of 50 kt, which reduces to an intensity between 35 and 40 kt.
Given that the pressure did not drop, and the convection has not
increased in organization, the initial intensity remains 35 kt.

Julia has gained some latitude today, but overall it`s moving
quickly toward the west, or 280/16 kt, to the south of strong
mid-level ridging. The storm has been moving a little faster than
was forecast during the past day or so, and global model guidance
suggests that the current speeds should be maintained for the next
12-24 hours. Some deceleration is expected as Julia approaches the
coast of Nicaragua, but because the storm has been moving faster
than expected, it`s now forecast to reach the coast of Nicaragua
early Sunday morning. The updated NHC prediction lies very near or
along this morning`s forecast, but it`s just a little faster to
account for recent models trends.

Shear guidance from SHIPS and the GFS insists that the
north-northwesterly shear affecting Julia should abate soon, or at
least take on a more easterly component during the next day or so,
which should favor more intensification. Ocean waters will also be
plenty warm, and upper-level divergence over the system may
increase as well. The NHC intensity forecast most closely follows
a blend of the SHIPS guidance and the HCCA consensus aid, showing
Julia reaching hurricane strength by 36 hours, about the time it
passes the Colombian islands offshore of Nicaragua. Even though 65
kt is the peak intensity shown in the forecast, additional
strengthening beyond that value is possible before Julia reaches
the coast of Nicaragua.

Julia is now expected to dissipate over Central America by Monday
(72 hours). Various model solutions depict Julia`s leftover
vorticity moving over the eastern Pacific waters, over the Bay of
Campeche, or both after that time, but it is unclear at this time
if that will lead to genesis of a new tropical cyclone. We`ll
continue to monitor model trends and update the forecast as needed.
Regardless of new development, the set up is likely to lead to
heavy rains over Central America for several days, which could
cause life-threatening flash floods and mudslides, especially in
areas of mountainous terrain.


Key Messages:

1. Julia is forecast to strengthen into a hurricane by Saturday
evening or Saturday night while it moves over the southwestern
Caribbean Sea, and a Hurricane Warning is in effect for portions of
the Nicaragua coast and the offshore Colombian islands.
Hurricane-force winds and a dangerous storm surge are expected in
areas where the core of the system crosses the islands and moves
onshore in Nicaragua.

2. Life-threatening flash flooding and mudslides are expected across
portions of Central America this weekend.


FORECAST POSITIONS AND MAX WINDS

INIT 07/2100Z 13.0N 74.7W 35 KT 40 MPH
12H 08/0600Z 13.1N 77.3W 45 KT 50 MPH
24H 08/1800Z 13.0N 80.1W 55 KT 65 MPH
36H 09/0600Z 13.0N 82.5W 65 KT 75 MPH
48H 09/1800Z 13.2N 85.0W 50 KT 60 MPH...INLAND
60H 10/0600Z 13.5N 87.5W 30 KT 35 MPH...INLAND
72H 10/1800Z 14.3N 89.8W 25 KT 30 MPH...POST-TROP/INLAND
96H 11/1800Z...DISSIPATED

$$
Forecaster Berg